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Evaluation of Civil Society Organisations activity in EITI

Hi,

My thanks to the administrator for accepting me in this group.  

I reached Goxi  while researching the theme mentioned in the title. On the internet I found one paper by the Bank Information Centre  based on a short survey on a small number of respondents and a qualitative research by Princeton University , two case studies on Gabon and Azerbaijan. Nigeria has a paragraph in a report.

I am interested to find out if there are any studies, evaluations etc on the subject. It would be interesting to see if there is a correlation between level of activity and country performance, between level of capacity building activities and performance, efficiency of various types of activities, etc.

Thank you,

Dan  

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Hi Dan,

these are actually very interesting questions. I guess we all agree that active participation of civil society in the EITI is the main source of legitimacy for the EITI reports. However, we struggle to understand what "active" means and what we can do to facilitate this participation.

Are you planning anything specific around these questions?

Regards,

Kristian

Nothing specific, unfortunately. But If I am to help my client I want to know what works. I would love to have the funds to go country to country and apply a questionnaire...It would be a nice study...As I see it from I have read until now  the most important effect of CSOs is their whistleblower potential. The very fact they are part of a multi stakeholder structure is considered a victory and sufficient in itself...

I have yet to read of a country where the CSOs, as part of an EITI plan,  actually carried out activities that would stimulate the public debate around transparency of revenues and resources policy. I am sure there must be.  I believe PWYP does it in various countries but is it part of EITI program? I don't know, I couldn't find out...Does it have an effect?     

BIC makes a valid point that CSOs involved are generally national level organisations and you don't see any representation of NGOs/CSOs from the affected areas. So...There are many question marks out there. 

Dear Dan,

There's some general background in this report I wrote last year: http://www.publishwhatyoupay.org/resources/whats-point-transparency. It looks at Liberia and Timor Leste in particular.

It's probably necessary to separate out the role of CSOs as members of a country's EITI MSG, which will often carry out formal outreach with the support of the national EITI secretariat, and the work that CSOs do in their own right (for example, using EITI materials in their broader outreach), and to look at both.

It should be easy enough to find CSOs in a few countries which do both, and to ask them and others what they think their effect has been, but of course it is quite tricky to weight the significance of CSO activity amongst the various influences on public debate. I think it can be done, if you have time to ask questions to a lot of different people in-country (i.e not just those who work on the EITI and/or have an interest in its success).

To play Devil's Advocate for a moment, it would be interesting to assess whether participation in an MSG can actually inhibit the ability of CSOs to carry out independent outreach on issues of natural resource governance - because CSO activists feel the need to tone down their messages for the sake of harmony with other MSG members, for example, or because they've been co-opted. I'm not saying this does happen but given the stories that one sometimes hears about GONGOs and large perdiems in certain countries, plus the subtle pressures to conform which exist in any group, it would be interesting to ask.

Good luck with your work,

Diarmid O'Sullivan

Thank you, I will read it.

I think the distinction you make is very relevant. And it reinforces in a way the need to renew the composition of the MSG periodically. Also, I believe a  "good" vision of the role of the NGOs/CSOs on the Msg is to enable and facilitate the work of other CSOs to engage in public debate and participation, exactly for the reasons you mention.

Thank you,

Dan  

Dear Diarmid,

I really appreciated your book. This note now is  just to say thank you and that I used and quoted your report. In case the "owners" of the report will want to publish it we'll get in touch for permission. 

You might be interested in this methodologically interesting comparative study, looking at Peru and Mali, which was presented at a recent World Bank conference:  http://www.doingbusiness.org/special-features/conference/~/media/GI... 

Conclusion of the working paper:

The results show a robust reduction of corruption in Peru, where corruption has been reduced by as much as 14 percentage points since the introduction of EITI, while no such effect can be found in Mali. This paradox can be explained by two standard critiques of the EITI: that it is only effective when a functioning civil society is in place prior to EITI implementation; and that the voluntary nature of the initiative may induce large differences in outcomes between countries.

Tha

Dear Milin, Something happened to my reply, sorry.

Thank you for the paper. I will read it carefully!

Dan

Greetings Zorka,

I attempted to follow this link that you posted, but it did not work. I will visit Mali in a few weeks to conduct my dissertation research. I am evaluating the EITI and in particular, civil society access and participation. I would be very interested in reading this article and also learning about connections you may have in Mali related to the EITI. Please contact me here or better yet, at jason.mcsparren001@umb.edu. Thanks and best wishes.

Hi Jason,

interesting that you will conduct this work in Mali. If you wish I could link you to our team there that works with local NGOs i.a. on the EITI.

From my experience civil society assesses their engagement in the EITI pretty much on the expected Impact they can achieve. In the beginning of EITI the time and costs associated with engaging in the EITI was largely justified by the Access to decision makers the MSG provided. From discussions we are having at the Moment I gather that civil society now wants to see much more - from transparency to accountability towards Tackling root causes of the resource curse. Maybe our report on the effectiveness and Impact of the EITI can be of interest to you:

http://goxi.org/profiles/blogs/study-assessing-the-effectiveness-an...

All best,

Kristian

Hi, Dan

Please may I recommend to you an Afghan example to help complement the responses below: "Shadow Validation: Analysis of Afghanistan EITI Reconciliation Reports and Civil Society Participation" 

It is available full text online at: http://www.eisourcebook.org/cms/March_2013/Afghanistan%20EITI%20Sha...

It dates from 2012, so not that old, and the authors are Roya Aziz and Javed Noorani.

Part II therein focuses on civil society participation.  The relevant part of the Table of Contents is pasted below to give a flavour of what it covers.  I found it a very useful report and recommend it to you.

I don't know if this is till of interest to you, since your original post was so long ago... but it seems that this discussion Forum is still very much live with plenty of contributions and contributors, so I share the above with everyone in the hope that my attempt at dissemination finds useful home(s)

Kind regards,


Daniel Gilbert 

"II. Civil Society Participation: Summary of Consultations .....................................................(page) 16

Background ........................................................................................................................16

Key Observations of Consultations ...................................................................................17

Multi-stakeholder Group Composition ..............................................................................17

Government Commitment ..................................................................................................18

Civil Society Participation .................................................................................................18

Reporting Template ............................................................................................................20

Reconciliation Reports .......................................................................................................21"

Hi Dan,

I hope you feel good.

See if the MSI Study could help you. The study was focus on the EITI Multistake holder group. So you ca have some element about the Evaluation of Civil Society Organisations activity in EITI.

http://www.msi-integrity.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/MSI-Integri...

Regards,

Michel

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