GOXI

sharing in governance of extractive industries

Greetings from the Environmental Governance Program coordination group in Mozambique.

EGP-Moz group members (from left to right): (1)António Sive (Department of Planning and Cooperation - DPC/MIREME); (2)Rosalina Langa (National Directorate of Environment - DINAB/MITADER); (3)Marit Kitaw (UNDP); (4)Janeiro Avelino (UNDP); (5)Amílcar Andela (National Human Rights Commission); (6)Elsa Alfai (National Institute of Mines - INAMI/MIREME); (7)Josimar Biosse (Environmental Agency - AQUA/MITADER)

It has been a very interesting and busy year. And it’s a pleasure to share with the world some of the main issues discussed in our 2017 meetings. The main points were as follows:

  1. Progress on the 2017 Annual Work Plan agreed in Sweden
  2. Progress in the implementation of ROLPA
  3. Work planned with UN Women on the Compendium of good practices of women in mining in Mozambique
  4. Workshop in Kenya
  5. Webinars
  6. Training on Free Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC)
  7. GOXI
  8. Others

The meetings took place at the local UNDP office in Maputo, where the representatives of the (1) Ministry of Mineral Resources and Energy (MIREME), (2) Ministry of Land, Environment and Rural Development (MITADER), (3) National Human Rights Commission and UNDP (members of EGP-Moz) had fruitful discussions.

1. Progress on the 2017 Annual Work Plan agreed in Sweden

On the establishment of a platform between MITADER, MIREME and human rights entities, it was agreed that:

  • This current group _the EGP-Moz group_ should become the platform, the coordination mechanism of this task.
  • The coordinator of the group should be the National Human Rights Commission.
  • A Terms of Reference detailing the objectives, tasks and responsibilities of the Group was designed and it’s working smoothly.

 With regards to the illustration of entry points for all stakeholders throughout the mineral value chain, it was indicated that the UNDP-SEPA team would provide the terms of reference for the work.

2. Progress in the implementation of ROLPA

The final draft of the document was presented to the group. Some issues were yet to be clarified, and the group gave some inputs to the ROLPA document. Some more time was given to finish the document, but it was noted that the present one contains a good gap analysis about the mining and environmental licensing process, with some interesting findings at the local level.

3. Work planned with UN Women on the Compendium of good practices of women in mining in Mozambique

Information was shared on the work planned with UN Women on the Compendium of good practices of women in mining in Mozambique. Despite the significant involvement in/and contribution of women to the mining sector, a growing body of evidence reveals that women are differently and more negatively impacted from engagement in mining in their communities. This is usually a reflection of existing gender inequalities (division of labor and cultural norms that lower the status and authority of women relative to men), which are compounded by the stratification and social, environmental and economic pressures the industry can create. To address this issue, UNDP has teamed up with UN Women to elaborate a Compendium of good practices for Women and Mining in Mozambique.

4. Workshop in Kenya

Information was shared about the joint workshop on human rights based approaches to the environmental public administration of mining - putting policies into practice, to be held in Kenya. The group will have some assignments on this workshop, and we are very excited about the outcome.

5. Webinars

Information was also shared about the webinars, mainly the one in November that will include a case study from Mozambique The group agreed that the Moatize coal mine case study would be a good one and they have no reservation about it. The group is making arrangements to get together to attend this webinar, so that it can turn to be a very fruitful and productive one. The group was already represented on the October webinar on Biodiversity and Human Rights were the experiences from Chocó region and information about ANLA in Colombia were among the most important take aways.

6. Training on Free Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC)

With regards to strengthening the capacity of CSOs to advise local communities on Environment and Human Rights, it was noted that Oxfam has a training manual on Free Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC). Oxfam in Mozambique has agreed to team up with UNDP to provide the training in Nampula, for CSOs coming from 3 provinces: Cabo Delgado, Nampula and Manica. This workshop aimed to strengthen and build the capacity of community activists, community based organizations (CBOs), national non-government organizations (NGOs) and community educators to support communities to understand Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC). Specifically, it aims to:

  • Learn about free, prior and informed consent (history, advantage & disadvantages);
  • Understand the position of regional and international institutions on FPIC;
  • Understand the business case for FPIC;
  • Understand the requirements in Mozambican law regarding land rights;
  • Develop some strategies to strengthen community rights to land using FPIC as a standard.

Unfortunately, the training was poorly attended by women because of cultural issues. And the group recommended that in the next few years, some more work has to be done to involve women.

7. GOXI

It was agreed that one of the EGP-Moz members will be the focal point on GOXI. It means that he will provide information on GOXI regarding the activities of this working group. It was also agreed that the group should share any information they have about the mining and environment sectors, whether it be conflicts, new laws, dispatches, new initiatives, etc.

8. Others

For last but not least, the group had a final preparatory meeting to the annual event in New York. The purpose of the meeting was to share the agenda, prepare and assign members to the tasks, so that the group may be fully prepared to make the event a success.

Stay tuned to GOXI and to the Environmental Governance COP group, to catch up with the latest news from the EGP-Moz group. See you in New York!!!

 

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