"Interesting post Michael. Two questions to follow up:
1. You note that the MACRA tool is to be applied in formal domains. Then what about the obtention of titles for miners that are informal but in the process of formalisation, typically an ASM…"
Nicolas is the founder and director of Afai Consulting BV. His professional interests and experiences revolve around the financing of armed groups and the functioning of informal and illegal economies, and, their impacts on socio-economic structures and local communities, the armed forces, organised crime and non-state armed groups. Nicolas has worked intensively across the globe covering the different and interconnected aspects of these subjects and brings with him an acute understanding of quantitative and qualitative methodologies. He is now working towards integrating always more geo-located information into his approach to the understanding of complex natural resource governance topics.
Nicolas has worked for a variety of international donors as well as mining and trading companies and has lead assignments such as the: conduction of political economy of mining value chains analyses (especially of ASM value chains); evaluation of conflict free procurement policies and the conduction of mine-sites audits; production of guidance and advisory documents on artisanal and small scale mining management and on transparency in the extractive industries; coordination of mining development projects and Mining Code revisions.
In addition to Afai Consulting, Nicolas is also a founder and advisor to Fundación Ava Jeva Amazonia, a Colombian foundation dedicated to the conservation and restoration of the Amazonian biosphere in the Caquetá department. He is also as part of his engagement towards better extractive industries a visiting lecturer on Civil Society Participation and Conflict Resolution Mechanisms in the Mining Sector for the Specialisation in Mining Law and Governance of the Universidad del Rosario, Bogota.
Nicolas holds an MSc in Security Studies from University College London and a BA in Political Science from the University of Lausanne with a focus on Political and Development Economics undertaken at the Copenhagen Business School and Copenhagen University.
Areas of interest
gold, diamonds, oil and natural gas, governance and anti-corruption, environment, social accountability, human rights, contract and licensing, monitoring revenue collection, redistribution and sustainable development