Ruby's primary research focus is on formalisation and development of artisanal mining sectors around the world, with a particular emphasis on Francophone Africa. She worked as a full-time researcher for Estelle Levin Ltd. from January 2011 to December 2013 and as an associate since starting her PhD in 2013. In this time, she had extensive experience consulting artisanal and small-scale mining communities all over the world about their methods, motivations and needs. She led an artisanal and small-scale gold mining baseline study for a social impact assessment in Senegal using ELL’s proprietorial qualitative research tools, based on international standards for responsible mining. Her recommendations helped the gold mining company solidify its ASM engagement strategy in a contested area of its concession (2012). She was also involved in a field study in a protected area in Gabon for the Artisanal and Small-scale Mining in Protected Areas and Critical Ecosystems (ASM-PACE) project in 2011. The study involved consultations with artisanal and small-scale mining organisations in remote parts of Gabon to understand their production systems, motivations and benefits of mining gold, supply chain and commercialisation structures, environmental and social impacts, and relations with large-scale mining and exploration interests, including consideration of Fairtrade type sourcing systems as a strategy for incentivising responsible mining in critical ecosystems. She assisted with stakeholder mapping, focus groups and a preliminary assessment of the environmental impacts of the artisanal gold mining activities in the area. In 2013, Ruby led a study on the mining sector in Katanga, DRC, with a view toward revealing key sustainability risks (e.g. economic and political) for a micro-lending institution. She also works as an independent consultant and was recently involved in Tetra Tech ARD’s USAID funded project supporting a sustainable minerals trade in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). More specifically, she conducted a comparative assessment of the conflict minerals traceability initiatives in the country to make recommendations on how to build the capacities of different supply chain actors to scale up conflict-free artisanal, small-scale and semi-mechanised mining in DRC and the region as a whole. Ruby has working French skills, has conducted field research in Indonesia, Gabon, Ecuador, Senegal and the DRC, and led multiple projects in the DRC and one in the Mano River Region (Liberia and Sierra Leone). She holds a Bachelor’s degree in International Development and French from Dalhousie University, a Masters in Global Studies from Leipzig University and an MSc in Global History from the London School of Economics.
Areas of interest
gold, diamonds, csr, social accountability, human rights, monitoring revenue collection, redistribution and sustainable development