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sharing in governance of extractive industries

Encyclopedia of Gender and Mining: Key Initiatives, Best Practices and Actors

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"Mining has the image of being a masculine world. Many are surprised to learn that about 30% of the world’s artisanal miners are women. In Africa women even make up 40-50% of the artisanal mining workforce. But also in large scale mining gender plays an important role, even if women are chronically underrepresented in the workforce of large mines.


Global research and evidence demonstrates that women have been historically exposed to greater risks and captured fewer of the benefits of their engagement with the mining sector. Men tend to dominate employment and income opportunities linked to extractives, while the productive and reproductive roles of women often make them more vulnerable to the industry’s negative social and environmental externalities. Equally, young men and boys in resource rich, fragile states are often at risk of becoming embroiled in a vicious cycle of conflict, social dislocation and diminishing life opportunities. There are palpable costs and benefits to mining activities. Which groups ultimately gain or lose, lies at the heart of natural resource management and good governance."  - excerpt from publication


The publication aims to provide decision makers with information on best practices of mainstreaming gender in mining related activities. It features best practices of governments, international financial institutions and multilaterals, civil society and academia as well as the private sector.

An encyclopedia like this - regardless of how thorough the research - will never be complete. We are thankful for your feedback and additions, which will be used to update this document in the course of 2015. To contribute information either leave a comment or inbox Janne Kaiser Tedesco via janne.kaiser@giz.de.

The study was commissioned by the GIZ Resource Governance Project in West African on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) to support their project internal gender mainstreaming. The study was authored by Jen Scott. We would like to thank her for her great work.

Download encyclopedia on gender and mining

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