sharing in governance of extractive industries
Oxfam and UNDP organized a capacity building workshop on Free Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) in Nampula, Mozambique from 28- 29 June, 2017. This workshop brought together forty experts of Civil Society Organizations from the provinces of Manica, Cabo Delgado and Nampula that work on natural resource management and access, human rights and extractive industry.
Although there is no universally accepted definition of FPIC, FPIC is recognized in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. The Declaration says that “States shall consult and cooperate in good faith with the indigenous peoples concerned through their own representative institutions in order to obtain their free and informed consent prior to the approval of any project affecting their lands or territories and other resources, particularly in connection with the development, utilization or exploitation of mineral, water or other resources”.
The workshop emphasized that FPIC requires that people must be adequately informed about large projects in a timely manner and given the opportunity to approve or reject projects prior to their commencement. It is imperative that people must be front and center of natural resource management decision-making that affects them. When faced with mining, logging/forestry, dams, palm oil, agribusiness or aquaculture projects, communities have rights that must be respected by their government and by companies.
In this context, the EGP workshop was designed to strengthen and build the capacity of community activists, community based organizations (CBOs), national non-government organizations (NGOs) and community educators to support communities to understand Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC). Specifically, it aimed to:
The workshop included sessions on national and international FPIC, land rights in Mozambican law, limitations for protecting community rights as well as the development of civil society strategies to strengthen community rights to land. The training succeeded in providing a platform for informing, preparing and equipping the civil society network on free, prior and informed consent.
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