sharing in governance of extractive industries
GIZ Madagascar is running a dialogue process to improve governance in the country's artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) sector. Guest contributor Andry Rabemanantsoa gives a pictorial tour of their work to date.
The conservation and sustainable use of natural resources programme (Programme d'Appui à la Gestion de l'Environnement, PAGE) of Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) Madagascar started a dialogue process involving the country's government, civil society organisations, miners and local communities in two mining regions.
Their shared aim was to improve governance in the country's artisanal and small-scale minin..., which provides significant opportunities for socio-economic development in Madagascar.
The sector is an important source of employment: about a million people are directly employed and a further 2.5 million benefit indirectly, out of a total population of about 25 million people.
However, the ASM sector faces many challenges related to governance and social and environmental issues. The sector has a major impact on the Malagasy environment, particularly on farms in or around national parks and protected areas.
In addition, climate change is also putting pressure on the country's unique biodiversity and pushing farmers towards mining. Droughts are forcing many peasants in the island's southwest to earn a livelihood from sapphire mining, as earning their traditional livelihood through vegetable and rice farming becomes unsustainable. The many sapphire mines in the southwest of Madagascar operate informally, outside regulatory frameworks governing the ASM sector.
Using the dialogue process as a participatory platform to develop a strategy for ASM reform, the GIZ PAGE programme is carrying out several pilot activities to improve the environmental, social and governance situation around artisanal mining sites.
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