sharing in governance of extractive industries
Sapphires from the island of Madagascar, ranked among Earth's top ten most ecologically diverse countries, wow the world's top traders and jewellers. The nation supplies roughly 40 per cent of all the world's sapphires – yet artisanal sapphire mining harms both this rich biodiversity and the wider environment.
Despite its environmental and mineral riches, Madagascar remains among the world's poorest countries. Seventy-five per cent of Madagascans live below the poverty line.
Now poor communities in the south of the country are taking steps to fight environmental degradation and loss. Shovels in hand, they are restoring land abandoned by artisanal miners – and finding new vocations and talents in the process.
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