sharing in governance of extractive industries
Malawi-Tanzania Border Solution needs bad 1890 Heligoland treaty revoked
Border dispute between Malawi and Tanzania is a product of European colonialists’ disregard of the traditional rights of African communities on their natural heritage in the colonization of the African continent. The 1890 Heligoland Agreement reached by British and Germany colonialists in their dispossession of African communities in Malawi and Tanzania should be dishonoured by Governments in the liberated Malawi and Tanzania because it is a bad colonial one which would give affected communities on the Malawian side more than their deserved share by denying counterparts on the Tanzanian side their deserved share of the liberated lake by heritage and/or in accordance to the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea which requires international borders to be erected on the middle of the water bodies encountered on their courses.
Lake Malawi was a God given heritage peacefully shared by all generations of all communities who shared its coastlines in Tanzania, Malawi and Mozambique before the arrival of European colonialists on the African continent. It is therefore, a traditional property of all generations who share its coastlines in the three countries surrounding it; when no generation on Earth should be allowed to decide and endorse dispossession of other generations off their God given resources like lake Malawi without consent and/ or denial of future generations their God given shares of natural heritage like rivers and lakes.
The 1890 Heligoland Agreement should be revoked to pave way for the reinstatement of justice to the generations of communities on the Tanzanian side of the lake who would be its victims. The good brought in by the European colonialists could be maintained and enhanced further but the bad brought in by them like this bad1890 Heligoland agreement should be rejected by all Africans it benefited and/or victimized.
While Malawi and Tanzania are African countries already liberated from the political hands of European colonialists; generations of communities on the liberated Tanzanian side of the lake who would be victims of the 1890 Heligoland Agreement should be considered yet to be liberated from European colonialism as long as their counterparts on the Malawian side who would be beneficiaries of the same are yet to recognize and agree that the bad colonial treaty should be revoked as demonstration of good gesture that they wouldn’t inherit the traditional rights the European colonialists had stolen from their counterpart neigbours on the Tanzanian side of the lake.
It is the responsibility of Governments in Malawi and Tanzania to revoke the bad 1890 Heligoland Agreement on behalf of their communities affected on the Tanzanian and Malawian sides of the lake. The two Governments shouldn’t necessarily seek outside determination on the matter because revocation of the bad colonial treaty is a so straight forward solution. The two Governments should agree to revoke the bad1890 Heligoland treaty in order to pave way for the reinstatement of the tradition of peaceful coexistence and sharing of God given natural resources like Lake Malawi by communities on its Tanzanian and Malawian sides. It would enhance peaceful coexistence and sharing of natural growth potentials in their two countries for the maximum benefit of generations in the two.
Governments in the European countries whose colonial generations were responsible for the 1890 Heligoland treaty should also stand-up to declare publicly that a mistake was made by their colonial generations responsible for this bad one and call for its revocation in order to reinstate justice to its victim communities on the Tanzanian side. They shouldn’t remain silent when the bad treaty created by their colonial generations is still intact and behind the endless border dispute between its Malawian and Tanzanian victims.
African countries shouldn’t maintain all what European colonialists instituted on their continent because most of it was meant to enable dispossession of the African population by subdividing it and its resources into the tiny and toothless African countries in charge of the fragments of African resources under their jurisdictions. The subdivision was also subjected to bad colonial treaties which stimulate continuation of border disputes among the tiny African countries and their individual collaboration with former colonial masters in order to maximize benefit of the former colonial masters against peaceful coexistence and collaboration among the tiny African countries which would maximize their own benefit.
It would be a huge gesture of Good will from the Government and people of Malawi when they appreciate and agree voluntarily (without the involvement alien determination like from courts) that the 1890 Heligoland treaty should be dishonoured because it is a bad colonial one which would deny affected communities on the Tanzanian side their deserved share of the lake by adding it to the share deserved to their counterparts on the Malawian side.
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