sharing in governance of extractive industries





Tanzania is on the verge of becoming a gas economy following the discovery of significant offshore natural gas reserves and the explicit extraction commitment from the government and International investors. The process of marketing Tanzania`s natural gas will require establishment of a Liquefied Natural Gas Plant. LNG plant operations elsewhere are known to have caused positive and negative impacts. There is a possibility that even for Tanzania, such a major investment is likely to have impacts on people’s lives especially on their land rights and livelihood.


This research is being commissioned out of that concern and the need to highlight risks and opportunities in the implementation of the projects so as to either avoid or mitigate such impacts. This research falls under a multi-country Oxfam program titled, Accountability through Active Citizenship: Improving Petroleum Governance in Tanzania, Ghana and Mozambique. Through this programme, Oxfam aims to contribute to reduction in poverty by promoting economically, environmentally and socially responsible management of petroleum (Oil and Gas resources). For Tanzania, the program is in its second year where it is being implemented in Lindi and Mtwara.

 It is envisaged that the proposed research will have two parts as follows;

(a)    The first part will be a relatively short but comprehensive background paper about the social impacts of LNG plant written as a result of a thorough and relevant literature review drawing from comparable experiences in other countries.

(b)   The second part of the research will focus on studying the process and impacts of the construction of a gas pipeline from a land rights and livelihood angle. While there is no evidence that a comprehensive study has been done to document lessons and challenges emanating from the implementation of that pipeline project, baseline study carried out by Oxfam to inform its current work picked up grievances arising from improper land acquisition in terms of failure to uphold Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC), proper and timely compensation and failure to uphold international standards in delivering compensation money.

The two pieces of research will be used as advocacy tools for the purposes of raising citizens and leaders awareness as well as agitating for application of preventive and corrective measures

 Desired Skills and Experience

The consultant/researcher which is being sought to carry out the task stipulated above should have the following qualifications,

  • Proven background and extensive experience in carrying out development research especially related to extractive industries.
  • Clear understanding of Tanzania`s socio-political context under which the natural gas project is being developed.
  • Mastery of English and Swahili languages.
  • Strong analytical and critical thinking skills.
  • Values gender equality and is experienced in working with communities using participatory approaches.
  • Able to produce examples of previous relevant research reports conducted either individually or in collaboration with other researchers.
  • Able to provide contacts of at least two organizations that s/he has conducted research for in the past.
  • Ability to give and receive effective verbal and written feedback.
  • Ability to produce timely and high quality written reports.

The designated budget for this research is $ 16,000. It is disclosed in advance to enable those intending to submit their Expression of Interest to picture the scope of the work and thus negotiate within realistic bounds when discussing contractual terms.

Application Process

Interested and qualified consultants should send their applications before or by 24thth October 2015 and indicate Application for RESEARCH CONSULTANCY –POTENTIAL IMPACTS OF LIQUIFIED NATURAL GAS (LNG) PLANT IN TANZANIA in the subject line through Oxfam website  www.oxfam.org.uk/jobs.You are advised to use advert ref number INT1891

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