sharing in governance of extractive industries
INTRODUCTION TO THE EXTRACTIVE TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY GROUP (ETAG)
Sierra Leone is a natural resource rich country but still experiencing the paradox of plenty since 1930 when diamond was first discovered and export begins. Natural resources are meant to benefit the socio-economic wellbeing of the people and the natural environment, but the majority of Sierra Leoneans has not realized this benefit much as its people remain in abject absolute poverty. Natural resources since 1930 have created several communal and inter-communal conflicts as well as fueled the ten years of armed conflict in the country. As a result, at the end of the civil war in 2002, many efforts have been applied by the government and International development partners (such as GIZ, IBIS, World Bank, UNDP USAID, DIFD, RDF, Action Aid International, etc. etc.) this also includes local civil society (such as CGG) and non-governmental organizations (such as NMJD) to promote the good governance of the extractive industry so that the natural resources in Sierra Leone can be a blessing to the people and the natural environment or addressing the paradox of plenty in Sierra Leone. Through reformation of mining laws, regulations, policies, Initiative, Vision, research work, and advocacy.
However, with all these efforts in natural resources management, Young People - specifically University Students have not been contributing in the new trend in the extractive industry of Sierra Leone.
BACKGROUND TO EXTRACTIVE TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY GROUP
Based on this gap, some students who are both under-graduates and post-graduates from the University of Sierra Leone have thought it good to participate in promoting the good governance of the sector and the prudent management and use of revenue coming from the mining sector for the wellbeing of the people and the natural environment as well as preventing the scramble and violent conflicts over the natural resources in our post war country. Therefore, these set of students have formed a group called “The Extractive Transparency and Accountability Group (ETAG) through which they can bring to action their desire to promote transparency, accountability and extractive debates through advocacy for the implementation and the harmonization of mining laws, policies, regulations, Principles, Charters, Vision etc. The use of various activities (Public Lecture on the NRC, Radio discussion on the AMV, Research work on the NRC etc are also ways this students can champion their objectives.
OBJECTIVES OF ETAG
For the purpose of ETAG project, the following shall be its key objectives:
JUSTIFICATION OF THE PROJECT
It is very clear and factual that young people in Sierra Leone do not have a stake or are not fully knowledgeable about the debates in the good governance of the mining sector in Sierra Leone, as compared to other natural resources rich countries (such as Ghana and South Africa) and also young people do not have the forum to contribute to the well management and the prevention of conflicts around natural resources extraction and exportation in Sierra Leone. Thus, the youth role is very absent in the stakeholder’s input towards good governance in the extractive sector of our country.Therefore, the activities of the Extractive Transparency and Accountability Group (ETAG) will support to create the plain level ground and/or will serve as a forum for young people to contribute and to hold officials responsible for the according mining contracts, and the management of revenues derived from the sector. To a larger extent, this project gives access for youths to contribute in addressing the paradox of plenty in the governance of the extractive industries in post-war Sierra Leone.
STRATEGY FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THIS PROJECT
The Extractive Transparency and Accountability Group (ETAG) will use the following as it strategies for achieving it objectives.
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